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What are the methods of treating sputum for adults

Mucus is secreted in different places of the human body, and among these places it is secreted in the respiratory system, where this mucus lining the inner layers contributes as a protection shield against various types of viruses, bacteria, or germs that may cause infection, as well as And it contributes to maintaining the moisture of these parts and not dehydration, either in cases of illness and health problems that affect the respiratory system, including influenza, or exposure to allergens, or smoking cigarettes, or lung diseases such as: pneumonia, lung cancer, or suffering from Some digestive problems, as this leads to the secretion of large amounts of mucus, which is known as phlegm, where phlegm is considered a thick and sticky substance that accumulates at the end of the throat when suffering from respiratory diseases, causing a lack of rest, and searching for all possible ways to get rid of it.

Methods for treating sputum:

There are many procedures that can be taken to get rid of sputum, whether these procedures are household matters, or medicines that can be dispensed without a prescription, or by prescription in sick cases, and these procedures can be summarized:

Maintain the humidity of the surrounding air:

As this is done through the use of humidifiers, which work throughout the day, breathing moist air can help reduce the density of phlegm, but care must be taken to change the water inside the device daily, according to the instructions attached to the device.

 Maintaining body moisture:

It occurs through drinking sufficient quantities of water, or warm drinks, chicken soup, or decaffeinated tea, as drinking sufficient quantities of fluids, especially warm fluids, helps to facilitate the flow of phlegm and reduce its density, and in fact drinking sufficient quantities of water It may help relieve congestion by easing the movement of mucus.

Eat some foods that boost respiratory health:

 Among these foods that are recommended to eat, for foods and drinks that contain lemon, ginger, or garlic; As it relieves the symptoms of colds, and may contribute to relieving cough and excess mucus, and eating hot foods that contain the substance capsaicin found, for example, in hot peppers, as eating these hot foods contributes to facilitating the movement of mucus and phlegm, and clearing the sinuses.

Using over-the-counter medications:

As it is possible that oral decongestants, or nasal decongestant sprays, can help reduce the presence of mucus accumulated in the nose, and although this mucus is not considered a mucus, it may cause chest congestion, and therefore its use helps Open the air passages, and reduce swelling in the nose.

Eat some types of medicinal plants:

Some of these medicinal plants contribute to the treatment or prevention of viral respiratory diseases, but a doctor must be consulted when consuming them, in case the patient takes some medicines, and examples of these plants are; Licorice, ginseng, pomegranate, and guava tea.

Rinse with water and salt:

Where a cup of warm water is mixed with half a teaspoon of salt, and rinsed with this mixture for 30-60 seconds, as the salt water helps cleanse the phlegm stuck in the throat, and helps get rid of germs, and relieve the pain of the throat.

 Use of eucalyptus oil:

Where the eucalyptus oil vapor is inhaled using a diffuser, or by using a balm that contains this essential oil, as eucalyptus oil helps to reduce the density of phlegm and facilitate its passage with an easy cough, and it also works to relieve the occurrence of frequent coughing.

Take prescription medications:

Where the doctor may prescribe some drugs that treat the main cause, which led to the accumulation of sputum, and its accumulation in the throat, as happens in cases of cystic fibrosis, or chronic lung problems, so that these drugs help to reduce phlegm, and these drugs or materials include the following High concentration saline solution can be prescribed by the doctor to the patient, so that it is inhaled through a spray, and it can also be used by patients over the age of six years, and although it works to temporarily relieve respiratory symptoms, it may cause a group of Side effects, such as coughing, chest tightness, and sore throat.