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Types of angina pectoris and methods of treatment

Angina is a type of pain that affects the chest as a result of insufficient flow of blood loaded with oxygen to the heart, and this pain often results from psychological pressure or physical exertion. Suffering from chest pain and pressure, angina pectoris usually resolves quickly, but it may be a symptom of one of the serious heart problems, so you must contact the doctor when suffering from angina to prevent a heart attack.


Treatment of angina pectoris:

Where angina can be treated by changing the lifestyle in addition to the use of drugs, but in some cases of severe angina, the patient is forced to undergo surgery.

Pharmacological treatments:

Where angina can be treated through the use of some types of medicines, including:

Nitrates:

It helps nitrates expand blood vessels, which increases blood flow in the coronary arteries, which leads to facilitating the process of pumping blood from the heart to the body, and examples of these drugs are nitroglycerin.



 Calcium channel blockers:

 Calcium channel blockers help expand and relax the muscles attached to the walls of the arteries. In addition, they increase blood flow to the heart, and prevent or reduce the occurrence of angina.


 Anti-clotting drugs:

Where anti-clotting drugs are used, and these drugs prevent blood clotting by reducing the chance of blood platelets sticking to each other, examples of which are prasugrel, ticacrelor, and clopidogrel, and these drugs can be taken instead of aspirin.


 Beta blockers:

It helps to reduce the effort of the heart by slowing the heartbeat, which leads to less heart contractions when exercising, and examples of these drugs: atenolol and metoprolol.


 Aspirin and statins:

As aspirin prevents the occurrence of clots in the narrowed arteries of the heart, in addition to it reduces the risk of a heart attack, as for statins, it helps statins reduce the amounts of cholesterol in the blood by re-absorbing the fats collected on the walls of the arteries, and preventing their re-formation, as well as preventing their formation. Entering the substances the body needs to make cholesterol.



Lifestyle change:

Where lifestyle changes can help treat angina pectoris, and the methods used to treat angina are:

  1.  Getting rid of obesity.
  2.   Eat healthy, low-fat food full of vegetables and fruits.
  3.  Quit Smoking.
  4.  Avoid eating large meals.
  5.  Limit alcohol consumption.
  6. Control of diseases that increase the risk of developing angina, such as: diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
  7.  Relax and let go of stress.
  8. Doing exercises.
  9.  Get enough rest.
  10. Types of angina pectoris:
  11. There are many types of angina, which are:
  12. Stable angina pectoris:
  13.  Stable angina is characterized by the fact that its symptoms increase when exercising, while rest helps to get rid of symptoms.

 Unstable angina pectoris:

 This occurs unstable angina at night, at rest, or upon any slight effort. Where it is possible to occur without any effort, and may be an indication of the imminent occurrence of a heart attack, and it is possible to turn stable angina into unstable.


Prinzmetal's pectoral angina:

Prinzmetal's angina, or what is known as micro-angina, is a rare type of angina, as it occurs without any problems in the coronary arteries, and during rest time, and is due to an abnormal narrowing or relaxation of blood vessels, which reduces blood flow To the heart, and can be treated with drugs.

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