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Causes of frequent forgetfulness and ways to prevent it

 Forgetting is the inability to retrieve information when it is needed, and it is considered an effective treatment for many traumas and crises of life, but if it negatively affects the details of life, such as forgetting names and times of taking medications, or social and official appointments, and other things, here forgetfulness becomes A problem that needs treatment.

Types of memory:

There are four types of memory, namely:

  •  Sensory memory: It is the first level of memory, and it lasts for a very short period (3 seconds); This memory preserves the impressions of the sensory stimuli, which are received by the five senses, including the auditory and visual memory.

  • Short-term memory: this type of memory is limited in terms of the amount of information you store and the amount of time you store it. As this memory helps between 30 seconds - 3 days.

  •  Working memory: It is a temporary store for a limited amount of information, which can be used to create ideas and practical plans and implement them, and to transfer the information and use it in making decisions or calculations.

 Long-term memory:

It is a memory with a long storage capacity that may extend for several decades, and in order to stabilize the information, it must move from the sensory or short-term memory to the long-term memory.

Causes of excessive forgetfulness:

Forgetting occurs for several reasons, including:


Nutrition has an effective role in improving physical and mental health. Poor unhealthy nutrition impedes brain function, impedes the ability to think and damages memory, and to obtain memory supportive nutrition, the daily diet must contain: Vitamin B12, which plays an important role in brain and nerve health, and vitamin Folic acid, which boosts focus and memory, as the areas of learning, memory and mental health are smaller in people who rely on fast food, fried food, and potato chips for their diet.

Alcohol and some types of drugs:

As drinking alcoholic beverages contributes to damaging brain cells and affects its functions, including memory, and taking hypnotic drugs has a role in weakening memory.

Excessive stress and lack of sleep:

Where stress and lack of sleep affect memory, because they obstruct focus, and affect the brain's ability to store and recall memories, and tension and sleep deprivation are among the causes of forgetfulness during pregnancy, as studies indicate that deep sleep enhances memory, and that sleep apnea disorder Causes of deterioration of spatial memory, inability to determine directions.

 Head injuries and brain disorders:

Where a head injury causes an effect on brain functions, including memory, and it is known that having a silent stroke, or the death of brain cells, causes a blockage of small blood vessels in the brain, which in turn causes poor memory efficiency, and encephalitis and brain tumors also affect On memory effectiveness.


 The repercussions of smoking are not limited to its effects on physical health only, but also on mental health and memory. Studies indicate that a smoker finds it more difficult to associate people's faces with their names, compared to a non-smoker.


Dementia is characterized by a deterioration in memory, thinking and behavior, and Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common causes of dementia, in addition to vascular disease, drug or alcohol abuse, or other causes of brain cell damage.

 Thyroid disorders, infections:

Disruption of the level of thyroid hormone secretion affects the vital functions of the body, including brain functions, which leads to poor memory, as memory loss is a symptom of some diseases such as: human immunodeficiency disease (AIDS), tuberculosis, and syphilis.

Infection with some diseases such as:

These are diabetes, urinary system infections and asthma, which results in a lack of oxygen that feeds the brain, liver or kidney failure, which increases the level of toxins in the blood, which negatively affects brain function, and heart disorders that reduce blood flow in the body in general. And in the brain in particular.

 Isolation and poor social communication:

Social contact is very beneficial for the brain and for improving mood in general, and people who communicate frequently with their friends are happier, more productive, and less prone to deteriorating brain function and forgetfulness.

Ways to improve memory:

There are many effective and easy ways to improve memory, including:

 Focus on just one thing:

 Despite the many tasks that an individual must accomplish, it is necessary to focus on only one task at a time; Because the brain needs enough time to deal with each information and save it to retrieve it at a later time, and when the tasks and duties are multiplied, the brain is forced to process the information in a different way, and the memory loses many details.

 Using the five senses in the process of storing information:

As the more senses used when receiving information, the stronger its anchorage in the brain, and the greater the possibility of retrieval easily. Where a specific piece of information can be linked to a specific smell or sound, for example.

 Repetition, division of parameters into units:

Where it was said in the past that repetition teaches the segment, and this saying is correct, as when a piece of information is repeated more than once, the brain’s ability to memorize it increases, as the information is divided into units, and preserving the information as it is as a complete unit slows down the preservation and increases the likelihood of forgetting it, and splitting large information into parts Small and memorizing each part as a separate unit helps in easy memorization and remembering: For example, when trying to remember a number consisting of nine houses that can be divided into three units, each unit consists of three houses, which makes it easy to memorize.

Using links:
 One of the useful ways to memorize complex information is to link it to the mind with a picture, song or sentence, which makes it easier to remember it better. It is possible to group the letters to be memorized in one expression. The letters of Al-Qalqla) and Ramble (diphthongs)

 Playing memory development games:

Where there are educational games that are ideal for training and stimulating the mind, for example the crossword game, the fact that constantly urging the self to remember facts or solve puzzles helps to form new neural connections in the brain, which helps in preserving the brain’s memory with age.

 Refrain from turning up the volume while using the earphones:

 The brain is damaged when exposed to loud noises through headphones, and its ability to store information in memory decreases.