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Preventing conjunctivitis in newborns:

 Ophthalmic disease, conjunctivitis, or pink eye is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, which is the transparent membrane that covers the white part of the eye ball and lining the eyelid, where the whites of the eyes appear red or pink, as a result of injury to the small blood vessels located in the conjunctiva With inflammation, at which point these vessels become more visible.


Prevention of ophthalmic disease:

Ophthalmic disease caused by a bacterial or viral infection:

Where it is possible to achieve control of bacterial or viral ophthalmic disease when it occurs and limit its spread by staying at home and avoiding attending work or school, or sending the child to nursery, and the possibility of spreading the infection usually decreases when the symptoms disappear or after 24 hours after taking antibiotics in Cases of bacterial infection, and a doctor can be consulted to find out the period during which it is necessary to stay home and stay away from people, and it is worth noting that bacterial or viral ophthalmic disease is considered a rapidly spreading infectious disease, and the risk of contracting it or transmitting it from one person to another can be reduced through several procedures. As follows :


 Limiting disease transmission to others:

Where a set of tips can be followed that will limit the spread of ophthalmic disease to others, or transfer it to the other eye in the event that only one eye is affected by the condition, and among the most prominent of these tips is to avoid touching or rubbing the affected eye, and thus avoiding making the condition worse or Transferring the infection, and washing hands well with warm soapy water and continuously and for at least 20 seconds, and it is worth adhering to this before cleaning the eye affected by ophthalmic and after that, and when applying drops or ointments inside the affected eye, and in the absence of soap and water, it can be replaced Using an alcoholic hand sanitizer that contains no less than 60% alcohol, clean the affected eye and remove the secretions coming out of it by washing it with water several times a day using a wet towel or a paper towel.


Limiting the infection from an infected person if he is near a person with eye conjunctivitis:

 It is possible by washing hands well with warm water and soap and constantly, and in the absence of soap, alcoholic hand sanitizer can be used, with the necessity to wash them permanently before touching the eyes, wash hands after direct contact with the person suffering from ophthalmia or touching any of the things he uses. For example, contact may occur when you help him place the eye drops, or after handling his personal belongings. Avoid using the patient's personal property. Including those that we mentioned earlier, and wearing protective glasses while swimming to reduce exposure to organisms that may be present in swimming water and cause the eye to blacken.



 Avoid re-infection:

It is possible to avoid the recurrence of conjunctivitis again by following a set of tips, which we mention, and to replace the cosmetics that were used during the periods of infection with clean ones, and to replace the contact lens solutions used during the periods of infection with new ones. Disposing of contact lenses that were used during periods of injury, and cleaning long-lasting lenses and glasses that were used during the injury, according to the instructions dictated by the doctor.

 

 Preventing conjunctivitis in newborns:

There is a type of bacteria present in the mother's birth canal that does not cause any symptoms for her, but it may be transmitted to her baby during childbirth, specifically when it passes through the birth canal, and in rare cases these bacteria may cause the infant to infect the infant with neonatal ophthalmia, which is a dangerous type of conjunctivitis And neonatal ophthalmia needs direct treatment to preserve the child's ability to see, and this explains why applying antibiotic ointment to the eyes of all newborns shortly after their birth, as this is considered a preventive measure that prevents eye infection.

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