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How to get rid of kidney sand


Kidney sand or what is known as kidney stones is one of the most common diseases of the urinary system. What is larger so that some of them reach the size of a table tennis ball, and the patient may develop kidney stones due to the presence of several factors that helped to form them; Such as an increase in the concentration of dissolved substances in the urine, or as a result of the absence of substances that prevent these deposits from sticking together, which allows the minerals to crystallize to form stones, often kidney stones do not cause permanent damage to the urinary system, but they cause severe pain to the patient, when they pass In the urinary tract.

Kidney sand types:

There are many kidney sand, as determining the type of sand helps to know the reason for its formation, and facilitates the process of treating it, and the stones that form in the kidney can be classified according to their composition into several types, the most important of which are:

Cystine stones: These stones usually form as a result of a genetic defect that causes the kidneys to excrete a large amount of the amino acid cysteine.

Citrate stones: These stones are actually produced by urinary tract infections, as they are characterized by their rapid formation and large size.

 Calcitic stones: It is one of the most common types of stones, and is usually in the form of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate. The formation of oxalate in the urine increases as a result of patients consuming large amounts of foods rich in oxalate, such as spinach, nuts, chocolate and soy milk.

Uric acid stones: They are usually formed in patients who do not drink enough water and depend on large amounts of protein for their diet.


Kidney sand symptoms:

  1. Pain This pain can be described as sharp, sudden waves on one side of the back or abdomen, and it may go down the thighs.
  2. Change the color of urine to pink or brown.
  3.  Increase the number of times you urinate, and in small amounts.
  4.  Feeling sick and vomiting, or having a fever and chills, this indicates an infection.


Getting rid of kidney sand:

Where the method of disposal of stones that have formed in the kidney depends on two important matters: their size and type, as the type of stones is known by collecting a sample of urine and examining it in the laboratory, as for the size, the smaller the size of the stones, the better, you can get rid of kidney sand In these ways:

 Drink a lot of water:

As drinking about six to eight cups of water a day helps diuresis, and thus contributes to facilitating the process of excreting the stones. For patients who cannot drink water due to nausea and vomiting, they can be given fluids intravenously.


Lithotripsy:

It is a procedure performed by the doctor where he uses sound waves to break up the large stones to a smaller size that facilitates their passage through the ureter to the bladder, and outside the body through the urine, but some patients may not prefer this procedure as it is uncomfortable and needs anesthesia, and it may cause bleeding around the area. Kidney, and bruising on both sides of the abdomen and back.



Ureteroscopy:

It is an advanced instrument in which a small wire with a camera is inserted into the urethra and up to the bladder, and the stones are caught by a special basket, removed to the outside, and then the stone sample is sent to the laboratory for analysis.


Percutaneous kidney stone abscess:

And the stones are removed through a small incision in the back, and a tube is inserted into the kidney, and doctors usually resort to this procedure in these cases, as the stones are so large that they cannot pass through the urinary tract, and the pain is so severe that it cannot be controlled. Urinary tract due to stones.



Take some medications:

 Pain relievers, such as narcotic pain relievers; They are powerful analgesics used for severe pain, and may cause addiction, and anti-inflammatory drugs, in the event of a bacterial infection, drugs that work on diuresis, and sodium bicarbonate salt. Phosphorous solution. Allopurinol.


Factors that increase the chance of developing kidney stones:

In fact, all people in general are at risk of developing kidney stones, but there are factors that increase the chance of developing stones, such as drinking small and insufficient amounts of water, which is one of the most common causes of stone formation, as well as excess weight, and eating foods rich in salt and protein, It is worth noting that men are more likely to have kidney stones than women, and also people who previously had kidney stones are at greater risk than others of getting them again.

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