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How do I get rid of salts in the body

Body salts are one of the natural components of the body that are important for maintaining health, including the health of bones, muscles, heart and brain, and they also have an important role in making enzymes and hormones, and they are also an essential part of a healthy diet, as a person needs a certain amount of salts daily. This amount varies according to the type of salt or mineral and the extent to which the body needs it, and as consuming less than the body’s need leads to disturbances in the body, and consuming large quantities in excess of need and without medical supervision may have dangerous and sometimes toxic consequences. It causes some diseases, and sodium, potassium, calcium, and chloride are among the most important salts in the human body.

How to get rid of body salts:

The method of getting rid of excess salts in the body depends on the type of salt and the diseases it causes, as each disease has its own treatment, and the following is a detailed explanation of the types of excess salts in the body and how to treat each of them:

 Treating high sodium:

High sodium in the blood is called (hypernatremia in the body), and sodium is considered an important nutrient in the body, and in the normal situation most of the sodium is present in the blood, and also in the fluids and lymph cells in the body, and hypernatremia can occur when it is lost The body has large amounts of water or if the amount of sodium increases in the body, and the level of sodium is directly related to the changes that occur in the amount of water in the body, whether that is an increase in the amount of water or a decrease in it, and there are special receptors in the human brain that control the Concentration of urine and the need for a person to drink water, and it works to constantly correct the level of water and sodium in the human body in healthy people, but there are some pathological conditions that require therapeutic intervention to correct the level of sodium in the blood, and that the high level of sodium in the blood may occur gradually with the passage of Time, meaning it develops within more than 48 hours, and in this case, the treatment of high sodium is simple by increasing the drinking of fluids, but in the case of a sudden and rapid rise in the level of sodium, it is recommended to supply the body with fluids intravenously.

Treatment for high potassium:

Where potassium is an important salt for the muscles, heart, and nerves, and it plays an important role in controlling smooth muscle activity, such as: muscles in the digestive system, and skeletal muscles such as: limb and trunk muscles, and it has a great effect on the heart muscle, as potassium levels are considered Naturalness is necessary to maintain the electrical rhythm of the heart, as hyperkalemia can cause changes in the ECG, and it is worth noting that severe hyperkalemia may lead to cardiac arrest and thus to death, and severe hyperkalemia can also affect the muscles. Structural and paralyzed, treatment of hyperkalemia includes many procedures, and these procedures vary according to the level of potassium in the blood, and from these procedures.

Stop using certain medications:

 This is in the event that high potassium is caused by taking a specific drug that raises the level of potassium in the blood. Using glucose and insulin together: Glucose and insulin are given intravenously, to stimulate potassium to move from the blood into the cells.

Intravenous calcium:

 This is in severe cases of hyperkalemia, with the aim of temporarily protecting the heart and muscles from the damages of excess potassium. Use of diuretics: Some types of diuretics can be used to reduce potassium by increasing the excretion of potassium in the urine.

 Diet change:

Because it is advised to follow a low-potassium diet, and avoid foods that contain large amounts of potassium, such as: bananas, potatoes, most fish, and meat

 Treating high calcium:

It gives the term (hypercalcemia) and high calcium blood is one of the things that can weaken the bones and increase the risk of kidney stones. Certain medications and nutritional supplements, and the treatment of hypercalcemia depends on the level of calcium in the blood, and in cases of slight elevation that is not accompanied by any symptoms, the doctor may advise giving fluids intravenously, but in cases of very high.