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 Abdominal gas is considered a natural occurrence for everyone, which may cause a feeling of embarrassment or discomfort for some individuals. One of the most common symptoms of abdominal gases is belching, flatulence or bloating, or abdominal pain, and in order to reach the best solutions to feel comfortable and reduce the symptoms of abdominal gases, it is necessary to understand the causes and mechanism of their occurrence, and this will be explained in this article in some detail.


Natural sources of stomach gases:

 There are two main sources of stomach gases:

 Gas produced by bacteria in the colon, and gas that is swallowed up; It is mainly air.


 Swallowing air:

 Swallowing air in small quantities while eating or drinking is normal, but excessive occurrence is considered one of the common causes of the formation of stomach gases, and belching is considered one of the most natural ways through which the body is rid of the swallowed air and the gases that caused the stomach to expand and swell to be excreted These gases are among them, and the swallowed air includes nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide, and after the completion of the belching the remaining gases move to the small intestine and some of them are absorbed into the bloodstream and then the remaining part of these gases is transferred to the large intestine where it is released through It should be noted that the stomach may produce carbon dioxide gas when its acids interact with bicarbonate salts. However, this gas does not pass into the large intestine. Rather, it is absorbed and transported into the bloodstream, and it is important to note that the amount of gases reaching the small intestine may be affected by the position of the body. It causes the release of wind, and it should be noted that burping may be a spontaneous or involuntary matter, and it may increase after eating some types of food such as mint, chocolate, and fats.


Bacterial production:

Where there are certain types of beneficial bacteria in the large intestine or colon, which are naturally present in every person from birth, and which are responsible for the digestion of materials and food residues that are usually not digested in the upper part of the digestive system, and from these materials; Cellulose and complex carbohydrates, including sugars, starch and fibers, and this digestion process results in a group of gases, which include hydrogen and carbon dioxide, and methane may sometimes result, and the fact that trace gases are like hydrogen sulfide, are the gases responsible for the unpleasant smell of wind. The gases produced and their quantity depends on the type of bacteria present in the colon. These bacteria may vary in their types from one person to another.


Causes of increased flatulence:

As the individual naturally excretes an estimated half to a liter and a half of almost half of the gases through the anus, so that this is done 14-23 times during a day, and it is considered normal to pass gases through belching before or after eating, so most people who complain From excessive gas they do not produce more gases than the average person, and it is worth noting that the amount of gases produced from the body may depend on the type of food that the individual consumes, the presence of some medical conditions and the presence of other individual factors.



Some types of food:

Where fats and proteins are among the food sources that do not cause an increase in stomach gases, unlike carbohydrates and sugars, and poorly digested sugars and carbohydrates are referred to in the digestive system by short FODMAPs, and FODMAPs are a natural component of some types of food and artificial sweeteners, and examples of food types are Soluble fiber, insoluble fiber, lactose, fructose, sorbitol, raffinose, and starch containing FODMAPs.


Fibers:

Where fiber is of important value for the health of the digestive system, but on the other hand it is considered a source of gas production, and the effect of these fibers differs from one person to another, in addition to a difference in the effect of the type of fiber that is eaten between individuals, and there are two basic types of fiber, soluble In water and fibers that are not dissolved in water, as for the dissolved fibers in water, when these fibers are dissolved in water, they turn into a gelatinous gel, and the fact that the small intestine cannot break and break it, which leads to adding additional effort to the gas-producing bacteria inside the intestine, where these fibers are transferred to the large intestine The process of breaking it down and digesting it is accompanied by the production of gases, and this type of fiber is found in most fruits, peas, beans, and oat bran, and the insoluble fiber in water is the fiber that does not dissolve in water and passes through the intestine without anything changing it. In fact, This type of fiber does not cause too much gas, and this fiber is found in some types of vegetables and wheat bran.


Bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine:

The overgrowth occurs as a result of the presence of abnormally large concentrations of bacteria that digest food in the intestine, which causes the production of quantities of gases that would accumulate and fill the abdomen, and patients with some rheumatic diseases, or who have been exposed to changes in the composition of the digestive system as a result If you undergo surgery, you are more likely to develop bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine, which can lead to bloating, burping and flatulence.

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