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Treating calcium deficiency in the body

Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body, and it constitutes approximately 2% of the total body weight, and most of it is found in the skeleton, while the rest of it is available in the teeth, blood plasma, soft body tissues, and extracellular fluid, as it is known as its main role in Maintaining bone health, and it plays an important role in heart health, muscle function, nerve signal transmission, and others. Usually, children and adolescents have higher levels of calcium compared to adults, and calcium deficiency is a disease that occurs as a result of low levels of calcium in the body less than 8.8. Milligrams / dL, the normal range is between 8.8-10.4 mg / dL.

Calcium deficiency treatment:
Where calcium deficiency is one of the problems that are easily treated, by increasing calcium consumption, and methods of treatment:
Compensate for calcium deficiency with foods:
 Where it is always advisable to consume the recommended amounts of potassium to ensure that the body is getting enough of it, through its food sources, the most important of which are dairy products; Such as milk, cheese, and yogurt, and from other sources, canned salmon and sardines with its bones, broccoli, cabbage, almonds, sesame seeds, and in addition there are some foods that are fortified with calcium, and other sources of calcium are nuts, seeds, beans, leaves Dandelion, soy milk. Ground egg shells, and it can be added to some types of foods, seaweed, figs.

 Take a calcium supplement:
It should be noted that a doctor should be consulted before starting to take calcium supplements, because an increase in it may lead to serious problems such as kidney stones, and that some drugs may interact with calcium supplements, and we mention here some of the calcium supplements used to treat calcium deficiency, calcium carbonate
It is the least expensive nutritional supplement compared to other types, calcium citrate, which is the easiest to absorb among other types of calcium supplements, calcium phosphate, and is characterized by the fact that it does not cause constipation, in addition to being easily absorbed.

 Take a calcium injection:
Calcium injection is used in the treatment of severe calcium deficiency, or when dietary changes and nutritional supplements are not sufficient to treat calcium deficiency, and this is under medical supervision, and it is worth noting that the results of calcium injection therapy appear a few weeks after starting to take these injections.

 Causes of calcium deficiency:
There are many causes of calcium deficiency, and among these reasons are the following:
  •  Hypoparathyroidism, which is responsible for secretion of parathyroid hormone, the hormone responsible for regulating calcium levels in the blood.
  •  Malabsorption, which occurs when the body cannot absorb vitamins and minerals from food. Intolerance to foods rich in calcium.
  •  Hypermagnesemia or deficiency, and malnutrition, which occurs when the body does not get enough of the nutrients it needs.
  •  Vitamin D deficiency, which is one of the vitamins necessary for calcium absorption in the intestine.
  • Follow a vegan diet that does not contain any dairy products rich in calcium.
Calcium relationship with vitamin D:
The body's benefit from dietary calcium supplements, and from increasing its intake of foods containing calcium, depends on the levels of vitamin D that it needs to absorb calcium, and the sun is the first source of this vitamin, as the body makes it when exposed to the sun, while dark-skinned people are recommended to take vitamin D supplements. Food; They are not processed in sufficient quantity, and egg yolks, salmon, some types of mushrooms, and foods fortified with vitamin D such as milk are considered food sources.
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