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Causes of colic in children and methods of treatment

 Many children suffer from pain in the abdominal area, and this pain is called colic, and infants are considered to be the most vulnerable to colic, and a baby who is unable to speak is diagnosed with colic when he continues crying for three hours continuously, and this is repeated with him At least three times a week, but in older children, they may describe the pain in the abdomen and where it occurs, and colic is considered an annoying pain that causes bruising and discomfort for the child, as he cannot practice his normal life, so he cannot play with children and he cannot sleep properly Continuous, and this cramping causes discomfort to the mother because the child continues to cry.

Causes of colic in children:

 The reasons that lead to a child having colic vary, as the intensity of the pain ranges from light to severe, and the causes may be occasional and simple, or they may be associated with specific diseases, and among these reasons:

The accumulation of waste products in the large intestine:

As due to the inability to excrete excreta outside, where the child may be severely constipated, or narrow in the anus, and the remaining stools in the large intestine causes a lot of pain in the abdominal area, and these faeces can cause the spread of toxins in the body, and more serious problems occur Of colic.

Air enters and collects in the child's esophagus:

 As this condition abounds in infants while drinking milk or while eating solid foods, as when formula milk is bad through breastfeeding and not feeding the child properly, air enters it and collects in the esophagus, causing colic and constant crying.

 Infection of the child with infections in the ear or urinary area:

As the stomach and esophagus area, or food poisoning that affects a child as a result of eating contaminated or expired food, and the presence of worms in the child's abdomen as a result of eating contaminated food. The child's sensitivity to certain foods and beverages such as cow's milk, formula milk or soybeans.

Tips to relieve colic in infants:

As the main cause of infantile colic is not completely clear, so there is no specific treatment for this condition, but the doctor can suggest some advice that can be followed with the child to calm him, so that one of the tips can be followed, and in the event that he does not benefit from it despite continuing it for several days Follow another advice, and we mention from these tips the following:

  •  Carrying the child, and this is considered one of the most important methods used for treatment, and it is also recommended to carry the child even during periods that are free from irritability and difficulty in satisfying, so the more hours it is carried during the day, the less irritation in the evening.

  • Ensure that the child breastfeeds sufficient quantities of milk, taking into account the need for him to have another milk and not be satisfied with the first milk known as colostrum milk only in the event that the child relies on breastfeeding to feed him. This can be achieved by making sure that the first breast is emptied before moving to The other breast, or simply breastfeeding the child from one breast during one meal and making sure that it is completely emptied.

  •  Pay attention to the nature of the food that the mother consumes when breastfeeding her child, and try to link the nature of the food that you eat with the child's crying, so that the foods that are believed to be consumed are reduced to the increase in the child's crying.

  • Ensure that the bottle of milk is filled with 30-60 ml of milk in addition to the child's need in the case of artificial feeding, in order to ensure that the child gets the milk he needs.

  • Responding to the child's crying, as crying is the only way in which the infant expresses his needs, and studies have shown that responding quickly to the child's crying reduces his crying in the long term.

Methods of treating colic in children:

Where colic is treated in a child by several means, namely:

  1. Eat some herbs such as sage, thyme, or anise.
  2. Massages and continuous massage of the stomach and intestinal area in a semicircle, towards the right, to help the intestine move food in it and digest it well. The use of warm compresses that help pass gases from the stomach and intestines, as well as help relax the muscles in that area.
  3.  The use of knee exercises, where the knees are bent to the child's stomach, and then they are straightened, and this exercise is repeated several times.