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Causes of joint roughness and methods of treatment


 A joint is defined as a place where two bones come together, and the ends of these bones are covered with cartilage, which represents protective tissue, and joint roughness, which is scientifically called osteoarthritis, is one of the most common chronic conditions that affect the joints, and it is the most common cause of paralysis. The cartilage covering the bones is exposed to erosion, which causes the bones to rub against each other inside the joint, and in fact, stiffness of the joints can occur in adults of any age, but it affects the elderly most often, and according to statistics, the number of people with this condition in the United States has exceeded 30 A million men and women.


Causes of joint roughness:

The exact cause of joint osteoarthritis is unknown, but there are many factors and reasons that are thought to increase the risk of developing this condition, including the following:

  1. The joint has been damaged: overuse of the joint after an injury and after an operation may lead to the development of joint roughness.
  2. Infection with other diseases: This condition is called the term secondary arthritis, as joint stiffness occurs due to exposure to severe damage as a result of previous or current disease such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout. .
  3. A family history of the disease: Although osteoarthritis appears in families, studies have not been able to determine a single gene responsible for this condition.
  4.  Obesity: Excess weight causes great pressure on the joints, especially those that carry most of the body weight, such as: the knees and hips.

Treatment for joint roughness:

In fact, there is no cure for joint roughness, but different types of treatments can be used that aim to relieve symptoms and maintain joint movement, and there are many treatment methods that can be followed in this case, namely:


Exercise:

Exercising helps in strengthening the muscles around the joints and relieving their stiffness, and it is advised to engage in various physical activities for a period of 20-30 minutes day after day, and it should be noted that low-impact exercises may be beneficial for people with this condition.


Weight Loss:

Weight reduction plays a role in relieving pressure, reducing pain, and the risk of other health problems such as diabetes and heart disease, and you should get enough sleep, as it helps reduce bloating, inflammation, and pain management more effectively.


Diet:
 A high-quality diet contributes to relieving symptoms of joint roughness, such as inflammation and swelling, and it is recommended to eat more foods rich in vitamin C, vitamin D, beta-carotene, and omega-3 fatty acids, in addition to foods that have anti-inflammatory properties.



Resorting to surgery:

Where surgery is resorted to in some cases in which joint stiffness affects the hips, knees, and base of the thumb, and surgery is resorted to in the event that other treatments fail to control joint roughness, and in the event that one of the joints is severely damaged, and examples of surgeries that contribute to Treatment for this condition is total joint replacement and arthrodesis.


Intra-articular cortisone injection:

And it is used in the treatment of severe pain, as it is considered effective in relieving pain and swelling, and it should be noted that it is possible to undergo this procedure only once every four months and in one joint, and Corticosteroid is usually injected directly into the joint site.


Capsaicin cream:

It is used to treat people who suffer from rough joints in the hands and knees, especially cases that have not responded to topical NSAIDs, and this cream does not relieve pain immediately, as it may take from two to four weeks to have a full effect.

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