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Causes of phlegm and ways to get rid of it

Sputum is a thick mucus that is produced when a person’s lungs are sick or damaged, and usually comes out with a cough, and in normal conditions the body produces mucus to keep the delicate and sensitive tissues of the respiratory system moist, in order to restrict the small particles of foreign substances that may pose a threat to the body and force it to Exit outside the body, and sometimes the body may produce an excess amount of mucus as in pneumonia, and the body tries to get rid of this excess of it through coughing and we will talk in our article about the best ways to dissolve phlegm.

Causes of phlegm:
There are many different causes that lead to the production of excess phlegm, and these include:
  1.  Smoking.
  2.  asthma.
  3. Cystic fibrosis.
  4. Respiratory infections such as colds, influenza, bronchitis, pneumonia, and tuberculosis.

Sputum dissolving method:
Home remedies can be an effective first line to get rid of phlegm, and find effective drug treatments, and the most important home and drug treatments are as follows:
Drinking fluids: The liquids, especially warm, help to reduce mucus, and remove it from the chest and nose, which reduces congestion and relieves symptoms that the patient feels. These fluids include water, chicken soup, warm apple juice, and black or green tea with no caffeine.

Using the humidifier:
As it helps steam to reduce mucus and reduce congestion, it is recommended to use a humidifier at night and keep it near the bed, to ease congestion and help sleep while keeping the bedroom door and windows closed to prevent steam from going out, and it can be replaced by the humidifier in one of the following ways, taking advantage of Steam bath as in the sauna, by leaving hot water running in the bathroom, until steam is generated and filling the bath, and then entering the bathroom and closing the curtain or door, and using a bowl and towel, by bringing a large bowl and filling it with hot water, then put the head over The bowl and covered with a towel to help confine the steam around the face, it is worth noting that there are no specific instructions on how long to sit on the steam, so the period returns to the discretion of the patient.

 Using honey:
Where studies indicate that honey may be more effective in eliminating phlegm compared to medicines for coughing and congestion, by eating a tablespoon of honey every few hours, and what must be noted is that honey is not given to children younger than one year because of the risk of botulism.

Using essential oils:
Where some essential oils help to reduce mucus in the chest, as it can prevent the growth of bacteria that cause respiratory infections, and oils that can be used with cinnamon oil, lemon, and mint oil, which is a menthol in cough and other cold medicines, It is possible to make use of essential oils in one of the following two ways, spread the oil in the air, so that two drops of oil are added to a hot tub or a bowl of hot water until the smell is released into the air, and the head can be covered with a towel over the sink or the bowl filled with hot water after adding the oil drops, Steam breathes for 5-10 minutes, and use the oil topically, by rubbing the oil on the skin, but it is important to take a test to ensure the skin does not feel the oil.

Highly concentrated brine:
Where it is inhaled through the nebulizer, as it works to reduce phlegm by increasing the amount of salt in the air passages, and is used for people who are six years of age and over.

 Sputum solvents:
Where these drugs change the biophysical properties of secretions, by destroying the polymers that make up phlegm, deoxyribonucleic acid, fibrin, and other substances present in the airway secretions, which reduces their viscosity, it is worth noting that these drugs do not help to remove secretions However, it reduces its viscosity, which allows it to be disposed of by coughing. Examples include acetylcysteine.