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What are the causes of heel pain and how to treat it?


The heel is the largest foot bone, and there are 26 bones in the foot and ankle, 23 joints, and more than 100 tendons. The heel pain ranges from mild pain to pain that may cause a total obstruction of the foot, and the pain is usually in the lower heel or in the upper region of it, and rarely Evidence of a serious matter, and the foot is considered an important basis for the erection of the body and its strength; As a person’s body, with all its weights, movements, and activities, depends fundamentally and heavily on the foot, which in turn is considered a pillar on it, as it is the driving machine for all its parts, so the occurrence of any defect in it or a problem, thus the entire body will be affected.

Causes of heel pain:
Heel pain is common, which can be caused by many causes. The cause may be a disease that affects the entire body, such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout, but the causes of heel pain are usually localized. Any of the heel itself, and among the common causes of heel pain:

The presence of inflammation in the Achilles tendon
: It is the damage that affects the Achilles tendon, the link between the muscles of the hind leg and the heel bone, where inflammation of the Achilles tendon is common in runners who increase the speed or duration of running suddenly, and is also common among middle-aged people who exercise in the days of the weekend Just like basketball and tennis.

The presence of plantar fasciitis:
Where the inflammation affecting the tissue located below the foot, which links the heel to the toes, in addition to that age has a role in increasing the risk of developing this inflammation, and the possibility of developing plantar fasciitis increases, and also in people whose work requires standing or walking for a long time on a solid floor Such as factory workers and teachers, and in general this damage is caused by overexposure of the heel; When pushing furniture, for example, or when wearing bad shoes, here are some other groups that are more at risk of plantar fasciitis compared to others, diabetics, obese people, and pregnant women.
Runners.

Spur or bone nail:
 It is an abnormal bone growth that occurs in the region where the plantar fascia is attached to the heel bone, and is caused by the constant stress that the plantar fascia and foot muscles are exposed to. It is worth noting that the nail bone may not be the cause of heel pain as it may result from plantar fasciitis.

Sever disease:
Where Sever disease is also known as Calcaneal Apophysitis, and in the middle of the heel bone is exposed to irritation as a result of wearing new shoes, or increased athletic activity, and the pain is at the top of the heel and not below it, and this inflammation affects children at the age of 8-14 years, due to incomplete Heel bone growth fully until the age of fourteen; This is the most common cause of heel pain in children.

Bursitis:
  It is an inflammation that affects the follicle, which is considered a cyst that extends over the joints that helps make the movement of muscles and tendons easier when moving the joint, and the pain is at the top or bottom of the heel bone, and is produced in some cases because of problems in the structure of the foot causing a problem with walking, and in other cases It may be because of wearing bad shoes.

 Bone development in the upper heel region:
This affects females more often, due to their association with bursitis for a long time, due to the pressure resulting from wearing high-heeled shoes, and exposure to bruises. It is caused by a person walking barefoot on sharp objects.

Heel treatment for heel pain treatment:
  • No longer standing for a long wave on your summit.
  • Avoid walking on hard surfaces.
  • Avoid lifting weights and heavy loads.
  • Wearing comfortable shoes that fit in the foot and provide comfort away from the heel. Eat healthy foods.
  • Massage, which targets the points of muscle tension, which reduces the feeling of pain, and stimulating massage sessions, which can be done using X-rays.
  •  Do stretching exercises.
  • The effectiveness of these exercises depends on how well they are done and persist in their performance. Whoever does the exercises, adheres to the advice and for a period of 9 months, they have 80% more chances of treatment for heel pain.
  • The feeling of heel pain is accompanied by a feeling of high temperature caused by heel infections, which is why it is advised to reduce pain and heat and apply cold water compresses to the foot.
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