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Smoking harms and tips to quit

Smoking is one of the bad habits pervasive, and although many try to quit it, they find it difficult to do so, as smoking is one of the most difficult types of addiction, and nevertheless, quitting it is not impossible, smoking is defined as the process of inhaling fumes resulting from burning the leaves of plants, especially Tobacco, which is available in many forms, including cigarettes, and tobacco contains several substances, including addictive nicotine, which is also a psychological influence on stimulation or calm, and a study by the World Health Organization indicates that smoking caused the death of four million people annually in the late century For nineteenth, the death of five million people in 2003, and the death of six million people in 2011, the study expected that the number of deaths due to smoking will rise to eight million people annually by the year 2030.

smoking hazards:
 Smoking negatively affects human health in many and varied ways, due to its components of the ability to cause harm to many body systems, in addition to increasing the possibility of death due to diseases not directly related to smoking, and we will mention in the following a number of negative effects of smoking on the health of The human:

Lung damage:
Where chemicals negatively affect the health of the lungs in several forms, where smoking causes a significantly increased risk of lung cancer, if the chance of lung cancer increases 25 times for men who smoke, and 25.7 times for women who smoke, and nine out of ten Lung cancer injuries are linked to smoking causes, and an increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in addition to an increased risk of death due to it. This term is called a group of diseases that may affect the air sacs, or that affect the respiratory passages with chronic infections. This condition affects the ability of Pain August to breathe and carry out normal activities, and the more acute symptoms associated with these diseases with time, and smoking is the main cause of injury behind them.

Asthma attacks increase:
The high chances of smoking among children of smokers cause a number of diseases, such as: pneumonia, bronchitis, increased coughing and asthma attacks, and cardiovascular disease, where smoking causes damage to the heart, blood vessels and blood cells through an increased risk of artery disease, which is A case of narrowing of the blood vessels in the body, which leads to a reduction in blood flow through them. This narrowing causes an increase in the chances of blood clots, heart attack, stroke, chest pain, and an increased risk of arteriosclerosis, a condition of narrowing or blocking blood vessels Because of the accumulation of fatty substances and cholesterol in them, which causes problems and diseases in the heart, kidneys, brain, and others.

Hypertension:
Meaning, damage to the walls of blood vessels, and increased risk of passive smokers suffering from heart attack, stroke, and other heart diseases, as the effect of smoking is not limited to smokers only, but extends to the health of passive smokers; they are the individuals around them.

Reducing fertility:
 As smoking causes an increase in the chance of infertility, and accelerates the rate of egg depletion in females, which may cause menopause in them before the normal date from one year to four years, smoking also reduces the number of sperms produced by the male, and causes weak movement and ability to Egg fertilization.

Immune system inhibition:
Smoking works to make smokers more vulnerable to infection, such as: infection with pneumonia, or influenza, as it prolongs the period of treatment and recovery from diseases, reduces levels of antioxidants in the blood, and leads to influence in the central nervous system, where nicotine is found in tobacco One of the addictive substances, which causes a feeling of activity when smoking, and causes anxiety, discomfort, and depression when trying to quit, in addition to the constant desire for smoking and the accustomed person to it, which makes the process of quitting it very difficult.
 Effect in pregnancy:
 Where smoking negatively affects the health of the pregnant mother and the fetus, if the mother smokes during pregnancy, the fetus may experience weight loss at birth, or the birth process may take place ahead of schedule, as smoking may cause the sudden death of the fetus in some cases, and the increased chance of infection With type 2 diabetes, smoking causes an increased risk of diabetes by 30-40%, and it reduces the ability of people with diabetes to control the disease and its symptoms.

Smoking Cessation Tips:

  • Find incentives and reasons to quit smoking: such as wanting to avoid the risk of diseases caused by smoking, or to protect the surrounding people from the dangers of passive smoking.
  • Preparing for the symptoms of quitting smoking: There are many steps to help quit the smoking habit, such as: some types of sessions and support consultations, the use of medications, and many things that will alleviate the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the body.
  •  Ask for help from surrounding people: Supporting and encouraging family and friends helps make smoking cessation easier. Dependence on other methods of feeling comfortable: the entry of nicotine in tobacco leads to the body to feel temporary relief and happiness, and measures must be taken that compensate for this feeling during the period of quitting it, such as: exercising, listening to music, or spending more time with friends who are not Smokers.
  •  Keeping hands and mouth busy: To replace the habit of smoking and smoking cigarettes.
  •  Changing the quality of food and drinks: As eating some types of food and drinks stimulates the desire to smoke, such as eating meat, or drinking coffee, and replacing them and choosing healthy types such as fruits and vegetables, juice, and water helps to avoid that desire to smoke.
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