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Symptoms and causes of dry eyes to avoid immediately

Dry eyes are a condition that affects the eyes when changes in tear production prevent their ability to lubricate the eyes efficiently.

Dry eyes are common and often chronic, especially for the elderly, and dry eyes generally contribute to eye disorders. Feeling discomfort and discomfort, and in fact the tears necessary for the hydration process and the consequent safety of the eye and vision through the movements of the eyelashes spread constantly, and dry eyes may develop and you do not know sometimes that you feel a strange feeling in your eyes from time to time, this feeling may be Dehydration due to dry eyes N during today's article, we will know for you what is dry eye and whether what you feel in your eye is the result of dry eyes or not, then we show you the symptoms of dry eyes to make sure 100% if your symptoms are from dry eyes or not and then we present You have reasons to avoid them.

What is dry eyes?
It is a condition that may occur when tears evaporate very quickly, or if the eyes produce very small amounts of tears, which is common in humans and animals, and it can affect one or both eyes, and may cause eye infections, and Studies have found that 17% of 2127 patients visiting a hospital in Japan were diagnosed with dry eyes, while 14.6% of the 2520 individuals of the elderly found that they also suffer from symptoms of dry eyes, and dry eye syndrome can affect a person at any age. Even in people with good general health, but it is more common in the elderly as the eye produces fewer tears With age, it is also more common in women than in men, and this disease spreads in places where malnutrition leads to vitamin A deficiency.

Symptoms of dry eyes:
Dry eyes are considered a symptom, but it is not a disease in itself, and often dry eyes is accompanied by the following symptoms:
  •  A constant feeling of tingling.
  •  Heartburn.
  •  Feeling there is something in the eye.
  •  Eye pain and redness.
  •  Persistent itching.
  •  Threaded mucus and formed around the eye in the form of strings.
  •  Constant eye fatigue after reading or using a computer.
  •  Difficulty applying contact lenses and all kinds.
  • Constant tears after prolonged periods of dehydration.
  • Suffering from intermittent blurry vision.
  •  Feeling heavy in the eyelid.
  • Feeling tired and tired in the eye.
Causes of dry eyes:
Aging is one of the causes of dehydration, as aging affects all parts of your body, including your eyes, and about 30% of people over the age of fifty suffer from dry eyes, and the percentage increases at the age of 65 and above, and as you age The eye’s ability to produce tears diminishes, and the reason may be that the lacrimal ducts become obstructed over time or due to infections, which can be due to age, according to Dr. Janet Cushing, ophthalmologist and visual diseases At the Faculty of Medicine and Public Health at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, fortunately the dryness of the eye due to aging (a And for any other reason) may not be severe, but it affects the quality and quality of life, but it is always amenable to treatment.
Taking a pill, pregnant woman, and menopause:
Millions of people in the United States suffer from dry eyes, the majority of them are women, and one of the main reasons for this is that after menopause the eye does not produce many tears, and women who suffer from menopause early (at the age of forty or less) and have experienced For dry eyes, this increases the risk of further damage to the eyes because they have been exposed to dry eyes for many years. Not only is menopause affecting, but other hormonal changes may have the same effect., Cushing says: “Use of prevention tablets Pregnancy and hormone replacement therapy can cause dry eyes.
She suffers from an autoimmune disease:
Eye dryness is associated with various autoimmune disorders, including lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, and Sjogren's syndrome, and in Sjogren's syndrome the immune system attacks the glands that secrete saliva and tears, where dry eyes and dry mouth also, and Autoimmune diseases can also cause an imbalance in the three main components of tears: oil, water and mucus, and any changes in the composition of tears that may dry out the eyes as well.

If you spend a lot of time in front of a computer:
You should not spend too much time in front of a computer, video games, or even a smartphone, as this will dry out your eyes. And, Dr. Cushing says, “Using a computer significantly reduces the speed of blinking of the eyes, and this is the way the eye uses to soften, and eye flashes that occur at a rate of 10-15 times per minute (approximately once every 4 seconds) keeps moisture The eyes maintain a balance between oil, mucus and water. When it flashes less, this means that the tears evaporate more quickly. This can happen when doing other activities such as heavy focus in reading, driving or sewing.

Eye surgery:
Almost everyone who performs LASIK eye corrections will suffer from dry eyes for a while, Cushing says, “When performing LASIK, damage occurs to the surface of the eye, which can affect the production of tears.” To produce tears, fortunately, this type of dry eyes is usually mild and lasts only 3-6 months, but despite this, it is necessary to treat dry eyes because this will ensure the success of the LASIK process, and may cause some Other surgeries also dry eyes, such as plastic surgery that includes the eyelids or other surgeries that affect the cornea just as Do LASIK.

Contact lens wear:
Many people suffer from dry eyes before performing LASIK eye surgery, this may happen due to the prolonged application of contact lenses to correct the vision problem. And where contact lenses interfere with the layer of tears that cover the eyes and protect them, and this causes the evaporation of tears and make your eyes burn you or feel stung in them, and to treat this, apply contact lenses for less periods or replace the lenses with another type. You can also wear glasses until you have Lasik. Although this surgery may cause dry eyes, this is temporary.

Take some medications that increase your risk of dry eyes:
There is a wide range of medications, whether they are prescribed or do not require a doctor's prescription, which may cause dry eyes as one of their side effects because they reduce the production of tears. One of the most popular of these is blood pressure medications (diuretics and beta-blockers), sleeping pills, antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs, pain relievers, antihistamines, and decongestants, as well as some treatments used for acne and Parkinson's disease, if you suffer from Eye dryness due to one of these medications, consult your doctor to switch to another alternative medication. If you cannot find an alternative, use eye drops that help produce tears (which are sold without a prescription), and talk to your doctor about the ideal method of use for them. Try to avoid using drops that contain preservatives that may irritate your eyes more than they do not contain preservatives.

Suffering from diabetes:
If you leave diabetes untreated or controlled, it may cause some damage to your nerves and neuropathy, a common form of nerve damage caused by diabetes that can affect the nerve network in more than one part of the body, including the front layer of the corneal eye. “This prevents tears from producing dramatically, which causes you to not flash your eyes too much. This means that tears evaporate more easily, and one study found that 3/4 people with diabetes and nerve damage resulting from it suffer from dry eyes, as opposed to 44% of people with diabetes but do not have problems with nerves, and less than 30% of those without diabetes Basically diabetes.

Vitamin A deficiency
Vitamin A deficiency may cause dry eyes, although this is more common in developed regions of the world. This can be cured based on the presence of vitamin A in many foods and leafy vegetables such as broccoli. And orange-colored vegetables such as sweet potatoes, carrots, pumpkin, liver, and a healthy diet can be better for eye health. Studies suggest that omega-3 acids may reduce the symptoms of dry eyes. These include salmon, sardines, and nuts.
Tips to reduce dry eyes:
Many of the following tips and guidelines can be followed to reduce dry eyes, and to reduce the annoying symptoms associated with dryness, and we mention these tips:
  • Protect the eyes and reduce exposure to dust and wind, such as: wearing safety glasses or sunglasses.
  • The use of special devices that increase the humidity in the air in homes, and the use of air purification filters if living in an area with a high pollution rate.
  •  Avoid smoking or quit smoking.
  • Getting enough rest continuously every ten minutes, if possible, when practicing activities or hobbies that require visual focus such as: reading, or using a computer, or watching TV for a long time, with the need to increase the movement of the eyelash to increase the hydration of the eyes , And taking into account that the computer is placed in a lower level than the eye level to reduce the evaporation of tears.
  •  Use eye drops and other eye-moisturizing pharmaceuticals.
  • Use some types of nutritional supplements, specifically those that contain healthy omega-3 fats.
  •  Drink enough water, about eight to ten cups per day.
  • Maintaining the health and cleanliness of the eyelids, by cleaning the eyelids with a gentle cleanser in the case of using cosmetics, and refer to the doctor if there is any inflammation or swelling in the eyelids.